Indian Python Endangered Species Around The World

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The Indian Python is among one of the largest snakes found in the world. They are extensively found in India and are now categorized as endangered because of it fine skin and medicinal use.

The Indian Rock Python, Black Tailed Python, Asian Rock Python are the other names of Indian Python. In India, the common  name of this Python is ‘Ajgar’. This Indian Python Species is nearly threatened species of pythons.

The Indian pythons are the lethargic, massively built, non venomous pythons found in India and Southeast Asia. These Pythons are restricted to the Southern Asia, mainly India; so named as Indian Pythons.


Features Facts
Sub-species 1. Nominate Subspecies (Python m. molurus)
2. Burmese Python (Python m. bivittatus)
Also Known As Black Tailed Python, Asian Rock Python, Indian Rock Python and Aazda.
The Indian Python is typically light in color shade. Though the Burmese Python is darker in shade. Their skin is splotched in a mosaic pattern with shades of brown and gray mixed with white or yellow strokes on them.
Length Most of the Indian Pythons range between 8 to 10 feet. Though the longest Indian Python with the length of 21 feet was discovered too.
Weight The weight of an average adult Python lies between 70-120 pounds. Though pythons with a weight of more than 200 pounds have also been discovered.
Life-span The life span of an average Indian python lies between 20-30 years.
Indian Pythons feed on birds, reptiles and mammals. When in a Zoo, they are fed with chickens and rats. Though their favorite feed is mammals. Once they have had a heavy meal, these snakes can survive for a long period without food. A record states that an Indian Python was found surviving without food for 2 years.
Indian Pythons become sexually active at the age of 3. The male python uses his vestigial legs (which are his anal spurs) to stimulate and stroke the female. He wraps the female python around himself and that’s how they mate.
Reproduction 3-4 months after mating, the female snake lays around 20-100 eggs at a single time.

Indian Pythons have a variety of habitats. They are usually found in open jungles – mainly in Estuarine Mangrove Forest, river valleys, marshes, abandoned mammal burrows, tree hollows, swamps, etc. Though they prefer a habitat with water around them all the time.
Poisonous Indian Pythons are non-venomous.
Climb Even though these pythons spend most of their time on the ground, they are pretty efficient in climbing up trees and moving through them.
Swim Indian Pythons are termed as great swimmers.
They have heat sensitive pits, using which they detect and stalk their prey. Once they have found their prey, they grip it with their powerful jaw and suffocate the prey to death. It is because of their earthy skin color, that they can easily hide in bushes or grass merging with the ground and tricking their prey. But they are lazy hunters.
Unlike other species in the snakes, Indian Pythons do not leave their eggs astray after laying them. The mothers cuddle around the eggs for a period of 3 months to provide her babies with warmth and protection. And once the babies are out, they become independent immediately.
Eyesight Their eyesight is poor but they efficiently stalk the prey by sensing them with their body heat.
Commonly Found In
In India, they are commonly found in the hills of the western ghats and in Assam. Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Burma, China and Sri Lanka are other countries where these pythons are commonly found.
They are classified as ‘Near Threatened’ on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. These pythons are hunted for their fine skin, meat and for medicinal purposes.

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