Indian Cobra is the most dangerous snake of India killing around 10,000 people per year. They are found mainly in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan and Sri Lanka.
This Species is easily Identified by its large and Unique Hood which is extended while threatened.
Characteristics And Poison
The Indian cobra is a venomous snake occupying large areas of the Middle East, from India through China and Indonesia. Indian natives call it nag, naga, pambo, gokhura and nagara havu. The Indian cobra normally grows to a length of around one meter. It lives anywhere it can find suitable shelter, even in areas occupied by humans. Cobras do not normally attack humans when not threatened, except during mating season. When meeting a cobra, the best strategy is to remain calm, since cobras react aggressively to rapid movements. The cobra’s poison, similarly to that of other rat snakes (genus Elaphe) has primarily neurotic effects.
The Indian Cobra Head is depressed and elliptical and distinct from neck. It has a short and round projected nose. Eyes of Indian Cobra are in medium size and round Pupils.
Body of Indian Cobra is protected by covered smooth scales. It has a black band patches just under the neck. The marking of the two circular ocelli connected by curved lines gives a spectacles look so called The Spectacled Cobra.
Indian Cobra Facts
There are 270 different types of Cobras and their relatives, including Taipans, Adders, Mambas, and many sea snakes including Kraits, and they all have short fangs and are all extremely poisonous.
Cobras live in hot tropical areas in Africa, Australia, and Southern Asia and their relatives, the Coral Snake, can be found in the United States. They can be found underground, in trees, and under rocks. The King Cobra is not only an excellent climber but a super swimmer as well. They live in forests near streams.
These snakes are hunters and will quietly follow their prey until they are ready to attack. They can move very fast and can speed along with their heads raised. Cobras are cannibals, which means that they will eat other snakes as well as birds, bird eggs and small mammals. Kraits feed almost totally on other snakes.
The Indian Cobra reproduces sexually by the joining of male and female gametes and produces eggs. Most snakes do not pay much attention to their eggs, but this is not the case with the Indian Cobra. The eggs, usually 12 to 20, are laid in a hollow tree, or in the earth, and the female will guard them throughout the incubation period, only leaving to feed. The young snakes will then hatch after approximately 50 days. Immediately freeing itself from the egg, a hatchling is capable of rearing up, spreading its hood and striking.